Partial substitution of frozen-fresh food by an experimental diet in Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone, 1931) (Decapoda: Dendrobranchiata: Penaeidae) broodstock

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of completely or partially replacing fresh foods from the broodstock diet with an experimental diet. During a 40-day period, three dietary treatments were tested on Litopeaneus vannamei broodstock. As part of the first dietary treatment, denoted as “FF”, broodstock shrimp were fed only fresh frozen food (squid, polychaete, mussel and Artemia biomass). The second treatment denoted as “ED” was 100% an artificial experimental diet. The third treatment, denoted as MD, comprised both the experimental diet and the fresh-frozen food (only squid and mussel were used). In terms of fertile spawns, females with ≥ 1 spawn, females with ≥ 2 spawn, and fecundity, the MD treatment did not differ significantly from the FF treatment. Fecundity was lowest among females receiving the ED treatment. MD treatment demonstrated equivalent fertility in females, and sperm rate in males to that of the FF treatment. The highest normal sperm rate was found in the ED and MD treatments. As a result, a combination of fresh food and the experimental diet resulted in a more balanced reproduction performance.

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